Symptoms and Treatment
Symptoms and Treatment

Type 2 Diabetes: What It Is, How To Prevent It, Symptoms and Treatment of the Disease

Type 2 diabetes is a clinical condition characterized by high levels of glucose in the blood. The disease has been growing rapidly in the world’s population over the last few years, and about 40% of people who have changes in blood glucose are unaware of having this health problem.


If not treated properly, the disease can cause changes in important body systems such as the circulatory, nervous, and renal. In this post, we will discuss all you need to know about the disease and where you can buy prescriptions from Canada to manage such a disease.

What Is Type 2 Diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic disease characterized by elevated blood glucose values; the hyperglycemia. The disease develops due to the progressive impairment of insulin production by beta-type pancreatic cells and resistance to the action of the hormone in organs such as the liver and muscle.

How To Prevent Type 2 Diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a heterogeneous disease that results from the interaction of genetic and environmental factors. The main risk factors for the disease are overweight, having a sedentary lifestyle, or family history, aging (age ≥ 45 years), and systemic arterial hypertension.


Having healthy lifestyle habits such as a balanced diet and regular physical exercise are among the efficient ways of preventing the disease.

Type 2 Diabetes: Symptoms

Diabetes may present without symptoms depending on the blood glucose values ​​presented by the patient, and the diagnosis is made by the presence of changes in laboratory tests (fasting blood glucose, glycated hemoglobin, and oral glucose tolerance test). Approximately 40% of individuals with diabetes are unaware of having this diagnosis. Therefore, the active search for cases is indicated in some situations.


In the case of patients who present signs or symptoms, the following can be cited mainly:

  • presence of acanthosis nigricans (dark spots in skin folds such as the neck, armpits, and groin);
  • polydipsia (excessive thirst);
  • visual changes such as blurred vision;
  • polyuria (excessive urination);
  • paresthesias (numbness) in hands and/or feet;
  • unintentional weight loss;

Is Type 2 Diabetes Curable?

Symptoms and Treatment
Symptoms and Treatment

The disease has no cure, but it is essential to clarify that, with adequate information and following the recommended medical and nutritional guidelines, in addition to carrying out routine consultations and periodic examinations, it is possible to keep blood glucose levels under control and live in a healthy way. Doctors often tell the patient to buy Ozempic, Wegovy, or other related antidiabetic drugs.

Type 1 and 2 Diabetes: What’s the Difference Between Them?

Type 1 diabetes mellitus occurs in 5 to 10% of diabetes cases. In this type of diabetes, there is a destruction of pancreatic beta cells due to an autoimmune cause in the vast majority of cases, causing absolute insulin deficiency over time. The diagnosis is performed mainly in childhood and adolescence but can occur in all age groups.


Type 2 diabetes mellitus occurs in about 90% of diabetes cases. The mechanism responsible for hyperglycemia is the deficiency of insulin production and the impairment of its action, called insulin resistance. Diagnosis is carried out mainly in adulthood, but the disease can also be diagnosed in children, adolescents, and older people.

Type 2 Diabetes Diet

A balanced diet is key to achieving the recommended goals for diabetes control. In addition to helping to reach recommended blood glucose levels, it is important to achieve and maintain an adequate nutritional status; for controlling weight, cholesterol, and blood pressure.


The food plan to be followed must be individualized, considering each individual’s metabolic and nutritional goals. Some important guidelines are:

  • Prioritize intake of complex, nutrient-rich, fiber-rich carbohydrates such as whole grains;
  • Prefer fruit intake to juice consumption;
  • Avoid consumption of fine carbohydrates such as white flour and pasta;
  • Prioritize monounsaturated fats, such as canola oil and olive oil, and polyunsaturated fats, such as fish (tuna, sardines, salmon) and soy and corn oils;
  • Avoid fried food;
  • Avoid the consumption of alcoholic beverages.

What Is the Treatment for Type 2 Diabetes?

The treatment of the disease is vital, since hyperglycemia, in the long term, can cause complications, mainly cardiovascular, renal, neurological, and ocular impairment. It is necessary to use medications that help control blood glucose and have a healthy lifestyle based on regular physical exercise and a balanced diet to treat diabetes. These medications are available for sale as prescription drugs in Canada.


Other important points are adequate sleep, reducing stress, and having leisure activities frequently. Vigilance and intensive control of other factors, such as cholesterol and blood pressure, are also essential.


Diseases such as type 2 diabetes require a balanced and healthy diet as well as proper medications to prevent complications. Though they have no cure, leaving it alone without proper care worsens the situation. So, visit your doctor today to examine you and write a prescription drug you can buy at our store in Canada.